The criminal justice department is comprised of three primary divisions of law. They are created to operate within the confines of law. Correctional facilities This deals with jail, probation, prisons and parole. Process of a Criminal Justice The process begins when a when a crime is; Reported Report is received from witness, victim or other parties.
Many crimes are universally accepted as crime such as theft, robbery, murder and rape. The society employs various models to determine what can be considered as a crime. The first is the consensus model where majority of societal members view the act in question as a crime.
A society is usually bound by common beliefs, morals and values. If a person goes against these set values is viewed as a threat to society and thus should be punished. An example of a crime considered through the consensus model is alcohol drinking, though accepted in secular societies, it constitutes as a crime if you happen to be in most Muslim societies since Muslims abhor drinking.
The conflict model is the other model that determines what is to be considered a crime. This is usually determined by the group of people in power usually parliamentarians, religious groups and economists.
Each class or segment in the society is always at a conflict in their quest to control the societies shared resources. The segment or class with power Criminal justice paper essay the law and what is considered a crime in the land.
Government structures in the CJS All governments set up criminal justice systems that are meant to promote the rule of law and punish law breakers.
The first institution is the legislature. This can be either state, federal or county legislatures that are tasked with legislating laws that define crime acts in the land, determine the type of punishment for the different types and categories of crimes.
The legislature also passes and allocates funds for the other institutions that are tasked with enforcing law in the land Lloyd, The other department that is found in the CJS system is the police department. These agencies enforce the law of the land and also to prevent and controlling crime in their area of service.
They apprehend criminals and pass them to the law courts.
In the courts persons accused are tried before a judging panel and sentenced if proven guilty. If sentenced perpetrators are sent to correctional facilities. As indicated above laws are made by groups of people in power.
According to the Social Control Theory people engage in crime if there is absence of control institutions such as churches, families and other social institutions. The Strain theory states that since resources in a given society are limited, the disadvantaged may engage in crime as they try to get theirshare of scarce resources.
The social dis-organizational theory states that the environment a person is brought up may influence one into crime. This describes why crime is prevalent in most ghettos Mathieu, The Social learning theory states that people may learn of crime from the people they associate with and become criminals themselves.
The rational choice theory states that people engage in crime by making their own personal decisions with intent to benefit from the criminal act. Components of the Criminal Justice System and Criminal Justice Process The first component is the Law enforcement which is tasked with reporting crime in their locations investigates arrest and give testimony in a court of law.
The Prosecution comprises of state officials who collect evidence and determine whether to file for charges or drop the case.
Defense attorneys represent the accused and they act on behalf of the defendants. The courts evaluate evidence and sentence the guilty party according to the crime. The correctional facilities punish offenders while at the same time try to rehabilitate them to quit their criminal ways.
Goals of the criminal justice system The Criminal Justice system is tasked with prevention of crime by apprehending and destroying networks that plan on engaging in crime.
It also educates the population on the law and what is a crime to prevent them from engaging in criminal activities. The CJS also controls crime by apprehending and punishing people who engage in crime.
The CJS is also tasked with ensuring justice for victims of criminal activities Keith, A system generally functions harmoniously with little differences among the various components. This means that a suspect apprehended by police is as good as guilty and the probability of punishment is high.
Criminal justice comprises of independent institutions which act independently.
They also receive funding independently as separate bodies and not as a whole system. The only thing that conjoins them is that they aim to maintain law and order to ensure stability This is a sample essay on criminal justice systems topic.
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The Criminal Justice System in USA - The Criminal Justice System in the United States of America was established with noble intentions. The basis of the system can be traced back from the first book of the Bible Genesis, and the story of Cain and Able.
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