Paul would work for the passage of the ERA until her death in Feminists of the late s and early s saw ratification of the amendment as the only clear-cut way to eliminate all legal gender-based discrimination in the United States.
See Article History Alternative Title: Constitution that was designed mainly to invalidate many state and federal laws that discriminate against women ; its central underlying principle was that sex should not determine the legal rights of men or women.
Congressional debateThe reintroduction of the Equal Rights Amendment in Congress spurred intense debate in Senate 49 years later, in March It was then submitted to the state legislatures for ratification within seven years but, despite a deadline extension to Junewas not ratified by the requisite majority of 38 states.
It would have become the 27th Amendment to the Constitution. Although the ERA gained ratification of 30 states within one year of its Senate approval, mounting intense opposition from conservative religious and political organizations effectively brought ratification to a standstill.
The main objections to the ERA were based on fears that women would lose privileges and protections such as exemption from compulsory military service and combat duty and economic support from husbands for themselves and their children. Many advocates of the ERA believed that the failure to adopt the measure as an amendment would cause women to lose many gains and would give a negative mandate to courts and legislators regarding feminist issues.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Jun 01, · Illinois has ratified the Equal Rights Amendment a mere 36 years after the deadline for ratification, 46 years after it passed Congress, and 97 years after it was introduced.
The amendment. The Equal Rights Amendment is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal legal rights for all American citizens regardless of sex; it seeks to end the legal distinctions between men and women in terms of divorce, property, employment, and other matters.
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is a proposed amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would guarantee equality under the law for women. It was introduced in During the s, the ERA was passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification, but ultimately fell three states short of becoming part of the Constitution.
Cause: Passage of the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution, which backers say would ensure equal rights for women are guaranteed. Congress passed the . This amendment won’t ensure that women will receive equal opportunity in the workplace or that they will be free from the objectification of advertising companies and the porn industry.
Nov 18, · WASHINGTON — Equal Rights Amendment advocates think this could be their moment. As women increasingly come forward with stories of sexual assault and harassment, advocates are seeing the “me.