Also, when in the chapter on race in The Lessons of History they write about Mayan and Aztec cultures they completely ignore that both cultures were based on organized serial killing.
Origins[ edit ] Gobineau came from an old well-established aristocratic family. He dreamt only of mosques and minarets; he called himself a Muslim, ready to make the pilgrimage to Mecca".
Money dominates business; money regulates the population; money governs; money salves consciences; money is the criterion for judging the esteem due to men". Where there is no longer an aristocracy worthy of itself, a nation dies.
Our Nobles are conceited fools and cowards. I no longer believe in anything nor have any views. From Louis-Philippe we shall proceed to the first trimmer who will take us up, but only in order to pass us on to another.
For we are without fibre and moral energy. Money has killed everything emphasis in the original ".
Gobineau depicted Britain as a nation motivated entirely by hatred and greed and the domination of the British Empire around the globe as a source of regret. Russia, a youthful nation, is following its path towards the power that it must surely gain… The empire of the Tsars is today the power which seems to have the greatest future… The Russian people are marching steadfastly towards a goal that is indeed known but still not completely defined".
And yet who would want to claim that the half-barbarous inhabitants of Castile or the Algarve or the gauchos on the River Plate really deserve to sit as supreme legislators, in the places which they have contested against their masters with such pleasure and energy".
One recollects the position of the banks, and the depreciation of the paper money; and one must dwell on the difficulties of the local authorities, the incurable weakness of law enforcement, the impudence of those who are subject Essay on the inequality of human races its administration, and the impotence of the law to create respect for goods and persons".
Their cowardice and lack of political faith make them scarcely interesting. But the peasants, there they are nearly barbarous. There is pillage, and burning, and massacre—and we are only at the beginning". Initially he was posted to Persiabefore working in Brazil and other countries.
In his own lifetime, Gobineau was known as a novelist, as a poet and for the travel writing recounting his adventures in Iran and Brazil rather than for the racial theories for which he is now mostly remembered.
Neptune and his trident serve the Anglo-Saxon, their last descendant, and the peopled deserts of young America know the strength of this heroic people. But as to the Romans, Alemanni, Gauls… to put it briefly, those who are not German are created to serve". This was an old theory first promoted in a tract by Count Henri de Boulainvilliers who had argued that the Second Estate the aristocracy was of "Frankish" blood and the Third Estate the commoners were of "Gaulish" blood.
Having identified his own fortunes with a caste that had been overthrown inhe detested an age that had turned against his aristocratic racial linage and values. In his estrangement, he consoled himself with sad reflections on the impending death of civilization, although there is sufficient narcissism in his pages to suggest that his own death was also the object—perhaps the true object—of his contemplation… To the jaded man-of-letters, the would-be aristocrat, these "deep stagnant waters" over which the fragile structure of civilization was suspended were steadily rising, and France—and Europe—would soon be submerged.
Had the Gobineaus, Joseph and Louis, gone back to Bordeaux after the Revolution, they doubtless would have rediscovered all those cousins and so forth who had issued in the course of many centuries. But in Paris they were isolated, save for some families of distant cousins".
It is quite evident that such a country is ruled by the poor, and there the poor will welcome with alacrity all the theories that appear to promise them relief in the present or the future". Of the three races, Gobineau argued that blacks were physically very strong, but incapable of intelligent thought.
This is generally believed to have reflected folk memories of the arrival of the Indo-European peoples into the Indian subcontinent. In the 19th century, there had been much public interest in the discovery by Orientalists like William Jones of the Indo-European family of languages, and that apparently unrelated languages such as English, Irish, Albanian, Italian, Greek, Russian, Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali, Kurdish, Farsi and so forth were all part of the same family of languages spoken across a wide swath of Eurasia from Ireland to India.
Gobineau equated language with race, and mistakenly believed that the Indo-European peoples were a racial group rather than a linguistic group. Only when it is mixed with some other can it even be initiated into a civilization.
Similarly, no spontaneous civilization is be found among the yellow races; and when the Aryan blood is exhausted stagnation supervenes".
Gobineau used medieval Persian epic poetry, which he treated as completely historically accurate accounts, together with the beauty of Persian women whom Gobineau saw as the most beautiful in the world to argue that Persians were once great Aryans, but unfortunately the Persians had interbred with the Semitic Arabs too much for their own good.
Trained neither as a theologian nor a naturalist, and writing before the popular spread of evolutionary theory, Gobineau took the Bible to be a true telling of human history.
In his An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Raceshe ultimately accepts the prevailing Christian doctrine that all human beings shared the common ancestors Adam and Eve monogenism as opposed to polygenism.
But, he suggested that "nothing proves that at the first redaction of the Adamite genealogies the colored races were considered as forming part of the species"; and "We may conclude that the power of producing fertile offspring is among the marks of a distinct species.
As nothing leads us to believe that the human race is outside this rule, there is no answer to this argument. Written after the Revolutions of —49, the Essai was a post-mortem of the old aristocratic order in Europe, characterized by reverence for hierarchy, social status and family lineage… Superior in beauty, intellect and creative vigor, the white race and especially its illustrious Aryan branch was the bearer of culture and civilization, responsible for the triumphs of the past.
But the process of civilization inevitably involved miscegenation with inferior breeds, leading to a slow debilitation of the noble race over centuries. For Gobineau, history revealed the tragic "fall" of man from a presumed racial purity into a degenerate condition of racial corruption and mongrelization.An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races - Kindle edition by Arthur De Gobineau.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races. Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines (Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races, –) is the infamous work of French writer Joseph Arthur, Comte de Gobineau, which argues that there are differences between human races, that civilizations decline and fall when the races are mixed and that the white race is superior.
Essai sur l’inégalité des races humaines (An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races) (–). by Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau was intended as a . In race: Gobineau’s Essay on the Inequality of Human Races.
First French edition, Paris, , 4 vol "This dedication and the following preface apply to the whole work, of which the present volume contains the first book."--Footnote to "From the author's dedication ()", p. xi Includes bibliographical references and indexPages: Cover of the original edition of An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races Gobineau came to believe that race created culture, arguing that distinctions among the three races—"black", "white", and "yellow"—were natural barriers, and that "race-mixing" breaks those barriers and leads to chaos. A new English language version The Inequality of Human Races, translated by Adrian Collins, was published in Britain and the USA in and remains the standard English language version. It continues to be republished in the USA.
The most important promoter of racial ideology in Europe during the midth century was Joseph-Arthur, comte de Gobineau, who had an almost incalculable effect on late 19th-century social theory.
First French edition, Paris, , 4 vol "This dedication and the following preface apply to the whole work, of which the present volume contains the first book."--Footnote to "From the author's dedication ()", p. xi Includes bibliographical references and indexPages: To these books belongs the Essay on the Inequality of Human Races of Count Gobineau, ignored during the time the author lived but released in Germany after his death.
Arthur de Gobineau was born in Ville d’Avray in to a family of ancient Norman origin.